Job Speaks of the Finality of Death

“Man, who is born of woman,

Is [a]short-lived and full of turmoil.

Like a flower he comes out and withers.

He also flees like a shadow and does not remain.

You also open Your eyes on him

And bring [b]him into judgment with Yourself.

Who can make the clean out of the unclean?

No one!

Since his days are determined,

The number of his months is with You;

And You have [c]set his limits so that he cannot pass.

Look away from him so that he may [d]rest,

Until he [e]fulfills his day like a hired worker.

“For there is hope for a tree,

When it is cut down, that it will sprout again,

And its shoots will not [f]fail.

Though its roots grow old in the ground,

And its stump dies in the dry soil,

At the scent of water it will flourish

And produce sprigs like a plant.

10 But a man dies and lies prostrate.

A person passes away, and where is he?

11 As water [g]evaporates from the sea,

And a river becomes parched and dried up,

12 So a man lies down and does not rise.

Until the heavens no longer exist,

[h]He will not awake nor be woken from [i]his sleep.

13 “Oh that You would hide me in [j]Sheol,

That You would conceal me until Your wrath returns to You,

That You would set a limit for me and remember me!

14 If a man dies, will he live again?

All the days of my struggle I will wait

Until my relief comes.

15 You will call, and I will answer You;

You will long for the work of Your hands.

16 For now You number my steps,

You do not observe my sin.

17 My wrongdoing is sealed up in a bag,

And You cover over my [k]guilt.

18 “But the falling mountain [l]crumbles away,

And the rock moves from its place;

19 Water wears away stones,

Its torrents wash away the dust of the earth;

So You destroy a man’s hope.

20 You forever overpower him and he departs;

You change his appearance and send him away.

21 His sons achieve honor, but he does not know it;

Or they become insignificant, and he does not perceive it.

22 However, his [m]body pains him,

And his soul mourns for himself.”


  1. Job 14:1 Lit short of days
  2. Job 14:3 As in some ancient versions; MT me
  3. Job 14:5 Lit made
  4. Job 14:6 Lit cease
  5. Job 14:6 Lit makes acceptable
  6. Job 14:7 Or cease
  7. Job 14:11 Lit disappears
  8. Job 14:12 Lit They
  9. Job 14:12 Lit their
  10. Job 14:13 I.e., the netherworld
  11. Job 14:17 Or unjust deed
  12. Job 14:18 Lit withers
  13. Job 14:22 Lit flesh